Lehrstuhl für Fertigungstechnologie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Laser implantation of press hardening tools to influence the tribological and thermal properties for the process application (DFG ME 2043/68-1)

Project Status: finished


Key development goals of the automotive industry are to increase the passenger safety as well as to reduce the fuel consumption and to observe emission regulations. The lightweight concept of body-in-white parts enables the realization of these goals and sets new standards in terms of functionality and aesthetics. Hence, hot stamping has been established as a suitable and resource efficient process to manufacture high-strength components.

This method combines the hot forming and quenching of semi-finished parts in one process step. The high ultimate tensile strength of the components is caused by a transformation of an austenitic into a martensite structure. Due to the high process temperatures the hot stamping tools are exposed to high thermo-mechanical stresses. In addition, the workpiece out of 22MnB5 is coated with an AlSi layer to protect the surface against oxidation and decarburization. As a side effect, this coating system leads to an increased adhesive wear on the tool surface. A time and cost consuming rework of the hot stamping tool is required. The use of lubricant is not possible at elevated temperatures.

The overall aim of this research project is to increase the wear resistance of hot stamping tools. Therefore a laser implantation process is realized in cooperation with the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing. In highly stressed areas ceramic hard materials are dispersed into the substrate material in deterministic patterns using a pulsed laser beam. The wear, friction and cooling behavior of the modified tool surfaces are analyzed before and after the tribological stress. With this knowledge specific guidelines for industrial applications can be deduced.

Schematic representation of the laser implantation process

Source: [Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing]

Research Groups



    • Spranger, F.; Schirdewahn, S.; Kromm, A.; Merklein, M.; Hilgenberg, K.:
      On the influence of TiB2, TiC and TiN hard particles on the microstructure of localized laser dispersed AISI D2 tool steel surfaces.
      Journal of Laser Applications 32(2020)2, published

    • Spranger, F.; de Oliveira Lopes, M.; Schirdewahn, S.; Degner, J.; Merklein, M.; Hilgenberg, K.:
      Microstructural evolution and geometrical properties of TiB2 metal matrix composite protrusions on hot work tool steel surfaces manufactured by laser implantation.
      The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technolgoy 106(2020), pp. 481-501

    • Spranger, F.; Schirdewahn, S.; de Oliveira Lopes, M.; Merklein, M.; Hilgenberg, K.:
      Investigations on TaC Localized Dispersed X38CrMoV5-3 Surfaces with Regard to the Manufacturing of Wear Resistant Protruded Surface Textures.
      Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing 7(2020), pp. 38-58

    • Schirdewahn, S.; Spranger, F.; Hilgenberg, K.; Merklein, M.:
      Localized laser dispering of titanium-based particles for improving the tribological performance of hot stamping tools.
      Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing 4(2020)3, pp. 1-19

    • Schirdewahn, S.; Spranger, F.; Hilgenberg, K.; Merklein, M.:
      Laser implantation of niobium and titanium-based particles on hot working tool surfaces for improving the tribological performance within hot stamping.
      Defect and Diffusion Forum (2020)404, pp. 117-123

    • Schirdewahn, S.; Spranger, F.; Hilgenberg, K.; Merklein, M.:
      Localized dispersing of TiB2 and TiN particles via pulsed laser radiation for improving the tribological performance of hot stamping tools.
      In: Procedia CIRP (Edtr.): LANE 2020 - 11th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies, 2020, pp. 901-904


    • Schirdewahn, S.; Spranger, F.; Hilgenberg, K.; Merklein, M.:
      Tribological performance of localized dispersed X38CrMoV5-3 surfaces for hot stamping of AlSi coated 22MnB5 sheets.
      In: Oldenburg, M.; Hardell, J.; Caellas, D. (Edtrs.): Hot Sheet Metal Forming of High-Performance Steel - CHS2, Wissenschaftliche Skripten, 2019, pp. 357-364

    • Schirdewahn, S.; Spranger, F.; Hilgenberg, K.; Merklein, M.:
      Untersuchung des tribologischen Einsatzverhaltens von lokal dispergierten Presshärtewerkzeugoberflächen.
      In: Merklein, M. (Edtr.): Tagungsband zum 14. Erlanger Workshop Warmblechumformung, 2019, pp. 169-178

    Letztes Update: 10.07.2020