VOLUME 1 
VOLUME 2 
VOLUME 3 
Precision Forging I 

Invited Paper New Methods for Precision Forging K. Osakada 
735 
Invited Paper QS9000  A Challenge with New Opportunities for Net Shape Cold Forging Technology M. Hänsel, M. Meidert, R. Geiger 
741 
Newer Process Developments in Cold and SemiHot Metal Flow Forming C. Sekreter, E. K”rner, A. Meyer 
749 
A Study of Ironing as a Cold PostProcess to Achieve Netshape J. Cai, Z.M. Hu, T. A. Dean 
753 
Analysis of an Industrial Netshape Forming Application through Numerical and
Experimental Approach L. Tricarico, M. De Cosmo 
759 
Precision Forging II 

Invited Paper Warm Forging of Straight Tooth Bevels for the Utility Vehicles' Production Th. Herlan 
767 
Invited Paper Near Net Shape Forging of Helical Gears  Economical and Technical Aspects F. Dohmann, P. Wiebe 
779 
Precision Forging of Helical Gear with Axially Driven Die K. Osakada, X. Wang, S. Hanami 
787 
Netshape Forging of Gear Toothed Parts Utilizing Divided Flow Method K. Ohga, F. Murakoshi, H. Ando, K. Miyoshi, K. Kondo 
793 
Investigation of Plastic Forming Process for Spur Gear Z.M. Zhang, B.H. Zhang, L. Liang 
799 
Cold Forging 

Invited Paper Stability Control of Cold Forming Processes K. Kuzman 
805 
Evaluation of Strain Distribution in Cold Extruded Workpiece by Means of
Various Methods A. Kocanda, S. Swillo 
813 
Practical Approach of Using FE Simulations for Eliminating Crack Defects of
Cold Forged Parts H. Kim, T. Yagi, M. Yamanaka 
819 
Hardness Measurements on Cold Formed Workpieces A. E. Tekkaya 
825 
Process Design in Cold Forged Inner Pulley for Automobile Airconditioner D.J. Jeong, D.J. Kim, B.M. Kim 
831 
Numerical Simulation of Extrusionupsetting Forming of Automotive Tyre Nut X.L. Hu, Z.J. Wang, Z.R. Wang 
837 
Cold & Warm Forging 

Invited Paper FESimulation as an Instrument of Quality Prediction for 2D and 3D Cold and Semihot Forged Parts A. Behrens 
847 
Warm Forging of 174PH Stainless Steel through Ausforming Process S. Isogawa, H. Yoshida, Y. Tozawa 
853 
An Upper Bound Analysis for Torsional Upset Forging of Cylindrical Billets Y.H. Kim, J.H. Park, Y.E. Jin 
859 
Working Load Reduction in Cold Forging with Cyclic Loading M. Kakiuchi, T. Kawabe, K.Shiraishi, T. Wada 
865 
Die Forging Utilizing Thickening of Drawn Cup Wall K. Katoh, K. Kondo 
869 
Evaluation of Galling Prevention Property of Cold Forging Oils for Stainless
Steel K. Kitamura, T. Ohmori 
875 
Forming of Microparts I 

Foundations of MicroForming J. Leopold 
883 
Forming of Microparts  Effects of Miniaturization on Friction N. Tiesler, U. Engel, M. Geiger 
889 
Effects of Size and Texture on the Constitutive Behaviour for Very Small
Components in Sheet Metal Forming P. Picart, J.F. Michel 
895 
FEM Analysis and Experiment on Multistage Forging for Wrist Watch Parts K. Yoshida, M. Fukazawa, B. Kuboki 
901 
Controlling Metal Flow of Surface Microgeometry in Coining Process H. Ike, M. Plancak 
907 
Microparts Fabrication Technique by Shearing of Thin Wire I. Aoki, T. Takahashi 
913 
Forming of Microparts II 

High Precision Embossing of Microparts R. Neugebauer, A. Schubert, J. Kadner, T. Burkhardt 
921 
Spread Rolling of Copper Alloy for Leadframes Y. Saito, H. Utsunomiya, S. Kaneko, T. Sakai, T. Kanzaki 
927 
Dynamic Tool Behaviour in Microstamping Processes E. Doege, T. Liesener, D. Straßer 
933 
Grain and Specimen Size Effects in Processing Metal Sheets L.V. Raulea, L.E. Govaert, F.P.T. Baaijens 
939 
Analysis of Metal Injection Molding as a Near Net Shape Forming Process for
Microparts T. Barriere, M. Dutilly, J.C. Gelin 
945 
Ring & Shape Rolling 

Invited Paper Precision Forming of Rings for Bearing Manufacturing G.D. Lahoti 
953 
Simplified Threedimensional Finite Element Simulation of Ring Rolling K. Mori, O. Ebihara 
959 
Simulation of Material Flow at the Ring Rolling Process E. Doege, H. Mathieu, S. Puller 
965 
Threedimensional Finite Element Simulations of Shape Rolling S.Y. Kim, Y.T. Im 
971 
Adaptive Mesh Generation Scheme for the Threedimensional Deformation Analysis of Shape Rolling J. Yanagimoto, H. Kubota 
977 
Finite Element Simulation of Shape Rolling of Complex Shaped Parts
 A Steady State Approach H.J. Kim, T.H. Kim, S.M. Hwang 
983 
Rapid Tooling 

Invited Paper New Developments in the Technology of Selective Laser Sintering F. Klocke, C. Wagner 
991 
Rapid Sheet Metal Development Chain Supported by Laser Sintered Active Tool
Parts K. Kuzman, M. Geiger, A. Coremans, L. Cser, J.P. Kruth 
999 
Direct Manufacturing of Metallic Tools by Laser Rapid Prototyping F. Abe, K. Osakada, K. Uematsu, M. Shiomi 
1005 
Microstructuring of Metallic Powder / Hard Materials by Selective Laser
Sintering Process Y.P. Kathuria 
1011 
Laser Assisted Metal Forming 

Closed Control Loop System for Laser Bending of Extrusion A. Otto, V. Brandt 
1019 
ThreeDimensional Laser Bending of Sheet Metal M. Otsu, M. Fujii, K. Osakada 
1025 
Forming in Combination with Lasers: Laser Assisted Flow Forming F. Klocke, A. Demmer 
1031 
Submicron Accuracy of Assembled Systems by Laser Adjustment B. Müller, A. Huber, M. Geiger 
1037 
Deep Drawing of Locally Optimized Aluminum Blanks A. Hofmann, Th. Pohl, M. Geiger 
1043 
Bending of Sheets 

Numerical Prediction of Residual Stresses in Sheet Bending and
Experimental Measurement L. Filice, F. Micari, L. Pagnotta, A. Poggialini 
1053 
Small Radius Bending of Sheet Metal by Indentation with Vshape Punch H. Ogawa, A. Makinouchi 
1059 
High Longitudinal Accuracy VBending by Controlling Longitudinal Bending
Force Distribution J. Endou, T. Anzai, K. Koyama, T. Mizuno, H. Yamada 
1065 
A Rigorous Numerical Analysis of Residual Curvature of Sheet Metals
Subjected to BendingUnbending under Tension T. Kuwabara, N. Seki, S. Takahashi 
1071 
Springback of Sheet Metal Laminates Subjected to Stretch Bending and the
Subsequent Unbending R. Hino, Y. Goto, M. Shiraishi 
1077 
Simulation of Compound Bending Forming of Sheet Metal by FEM G. Yanjin, S. Sheng, W. Zuocheng, L. Yiguo, J. Zhong 
1083 
Bending & Spinning of Sheets 

Dieless Shear Spinning of Truncated Conical Shells K. Kawai, L.N. Yang, H. Kudo 
1089 
A General Upper Bound Method for Forces Calculation in Tube Spinning
Process V. Paunoiu, D. Nicoara, M. Teodorescu 
1095 
Numerical Simulation of Sheet Spinning Process K. Dai, X.C. Gao, D.C. Kang, Z.R. Wang 
1101 
FE Simulation of Tension Levelling Process for Clad Sheet Metals F. Yoshida, M. Urabe 
1107 
Simulation of Binder Wrap Stage by Dynamic Explicit FEM X. Dong, Y. Zhen, Z. Zhen, S. Li, Z. Li 
1133 
Forming of Lightweight Materials 

Invited Paper Lightweight Construction by Innovative Forming Technologies R. Neugebauer, H. Bräunlich 
1119 
Invited Paper Strategies and Future Developments in the Manufacturing Process of LightWeight Car Bodies H. Hoffmann, A. Toussaint 
1129 
Mechanical Properties of Magnesium Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced by
SIC Particles M. Takahashi, E. Masamura, K. Matsuzaki, H. Takeishi, T. Sano 
1141 
Study on Composite Forming Conditions of Stretch Draw and Ironing for
Laminated Steel I. Komatsu, K. Takao, K. Imazu 
1147 
Conical Cup and Erichsen Testing of Light Metal Sheets at Elevated
Temperatures M. Sugamata, J. Kaneko, M. Numa 
1153 
Hydroforming 

Invited Paper Product Innovation with Internal High Pressure Forming D. Bobbert 
1161 
Invited Paper Innovative Forming Technologies for Space Frames W. Leitermann, K.H. von Zengen, P. Dick 
1165 
Invited Paper State of the Actual and Prospective Development of Hydroforming D. Schmoeckel 
1171 
Product Development of Complex Hydroformed Parts and Requirements
Regarding Tool Manufacture C. Hartl, T. Abbey 
1183 
Tee Fitting Hydraulic Formability of Aluminium Alloy Tubes H. Mizukoshi, H. Okada, H. Wakabayashi 
1189 
Hydroforming of Tubes 

Invited Paper Hydroforming: Needs, Developments and Perspectives F. Vollertsen, T. Prange, M. Sander 
1197 
3D Numerical Simulation of Tube Hydroforming O. Ghouati, M. Baida, H. Lenoir, J.C. Gelin 
1211 
Evaluation of Material Characteristics in Tube Hydroforming: Hydraulic Bulge
Testing of Tubes T. Sokolowski, K. Gerke, M. Ahmetoglu, T. Altan 
1217 
Experimental Investigation into a Tube Forming Method for Providing Tubes
with Thickness Distribution in Axial Direction A. Shirayori, S. Fuchizawa, M. Narazaki 
1223 
FE Analysis on Local Thinning and Fracture Phenomenon in Hydroforming of
Tubular Components K. Manabe, M. Amino, S. Nakamura 
1229 
Technological Analysis and Engineering Calculation on Hydraulic
ExtrusionBulging Forming of MultiWay Tube Joint H. Shenzhang, Z. Zhenpeng 
1235 
Hydroforming of Sheets 

Invited Paper Processes and Control of Sheet Metal Hydroforming M. Kleiner, W. Homberg, A. Brosius 
1243 
Invited Paper Numerical Simulation of Some New Integrated Hydroforming Processes Z.R. Wang 
1253 
Process Limits for the Hydroforming of Sheet Metal Pairs S. Bobbert 
1261 
Advanced Process Control Strategies for the Hydroforming of Sheet Metal Pairs P. Hein, M. Geiger 
1267 
Numerical Simulation of the Hydromechanical Deep Drawing Process S.H. Zhang, L.H. Lang, D.C. Kang, J. Danckert, K.B. Nielsen, Z.R. Wang 
1273 
Material Modelling 

Predictions of Microstructure in Hot Forging of Microalloyed Steels T. Ishikawa, N. Yukawa, Z. Wang, A. Kono, T.Q. Li 
1281 
Determination of Constitutive Parameters of Anisotropic Plastic Materials Using a FiniteElement Polycrystalline Model T. Sueyoshi, M. Goya, K. Miyagi, K. Ito 
1287 
A CAE Supported Ball Indentation Method for the Stress Strain Curves of
Hard Materials, such as Hardened and High Speed Steels K.D. Bouzakis, N. Vidakis, A. Lontos 
1293 
Sintering Process Simulation by the Coupled Macromicro Modeling F. Tsumori, T. Aizawa 
1301 
Study of Strain Localization of Sheet Material by Using Elastic/Crystalline Viscoplastic Finite Element Method E. Nakamachi, M. Harimoto, C.L. Xie 
1309 
The Numerical Simulation of Dynamic Recrystallization and Prediction of Grain Size Inhomogeneity Q. Jin, F. Xu 
1315 
Powder Metallurgy 

Thin Film Forming of Pure Aluminum Powders by Dynamic Compaction N. Nakayama, K. Hanada, T. Sano, S. Horikoshi, H. Takeishi 
1321 
Dynamic Powder Compaction Method to Control Strain Distribution in Metallic Powder N. Sukegawa, T. Sano, S. Horikoshi, H. Takeishi 
1327 
A Study of Fracture Behaviour of Powder Compacts S. Shima, H. Kotera, K. Nishimura 
1333 
Fabrication of NiTi Bimetallic Rods by Explosive Powder Compaction and Extrusion A.G. Mamalis, A. Szalay, D.E. Manolakos, N.M. Vaxevanidis 
1339 
Magnetic Powder Characteristics Simulated by 3D Particle Dynamics Method H. Kitahara, H. Kotera, S. Shima 
1345 
MagnetoCosserat Continuum Theory for Simulating the Magnetic Powder Behavior during Compaction in Applied Magnetic Field H. Kotera, S. Shima 
1351 
Sheet Metal Formability I 

A Hybrid Quasistaticdynamic Process for Increased Limiting Strains in the Forming of Large Sheet Metal Aluminum Parts V.J. Vohnout, G. Daehn, R. Shivpuri 
1359 
Plasticity of Aluminum Alloy 1050 During NonProportional Loading J.J. Gracio, F. Barlat, J. Ferreira Duarte 
1365 
Process Variables for Improving the Drawability of Aluminum Alloy Sheet in Fuzzy Adaptive Controlbased Deep Drawing S. Yoshihara, K. Manabe, M. Yang, H. Nishimura 
1371 
Warping of Pressings  Forming Limit Charts R. Samek, A. Calkovský 
1377 
Formability of Stainless Steel and Commercially Pure Titanium Sheets in Plate Heat Exchanger Applications P. Gabrielson, E. Schedin, G. Ekstrand 
1383 
Analysis of Planar Anisotropic Sheet Metal Stretching by the Finite Element Method M. Farzin, M. Foroutan 
1389 
Sheet Metal Formability II 

A Relation Between the LimitDrawing Ratio LDR and the Material Properties StrainHardening Exponent n and Anisotropy Factor R J.A.H. Ramaekers 
1397 
Anisotropic Fractal of Surface Irregularities of Aluminum Sheets Subjected to Uniaxial Tension Y. Kurosaki, M. Matsui, K. Kuroki, K. Ishikawa 
1405 
Analytical and Experimental Investigation on Anisotropic Yield Criteria D. Banabic, T. Balan, K. Pöhlandt 
1411 
Advanced Deformation Measurement in Sheet Metal Forming B. Alpers, D. Bergmann, K. Galanulis, D. Winter 
1417 
New Method for Evaluating Superplastic Tensile Properties by Rtype Specimen S. Mizunuma, H. Takahashi, Y. Takayama, N. Furushiro, T. Mimaki 
1423 
Tensile Properties and Press Formability of a MgLi Alloy Sheet H. Takuda, S. Kikuchi, K. Kubota, N. Hatta 
1429 
Joining by Forming 

Invited Paper Multiple Press Joining of Coated Sheet Metal Parts as an Example of Integrated Manufacturing of Household Appliances H.P. Liebig, M. Pander, J. Bober 
1437 
Fabrication of Nearnet Shape Functional Components by MashyState Joining M. Kiuchi, J. Yanagimoto, S. Sugiyama 
1443 
High Precision Joining of Metal Sheet and Spindle by Using Plastic Deformation K. Kato, T. Yasuhara, M. Adachi, M. Ban 
1449 
Theoretical and Experimental Studies on the Compound Forming Process of a Tube Junction T. Wang, X. Zhao, G. Zhao 
1455 
Research on Numerical Simulation for Combinative Process of Superplastic Forming/Diffusion Bonding L. Jingyi, W. Weiying, Z. Zhongyuan 
1461 
Fatigue Strength of Pressure Welded Joint of Aluminum Alloys S. Maki, N. Tsuji, Y. Harada, M. Nakamura 
1469 
Incremental Forming 

Incremental Sheet Metal Forming Using Elastic Tool S. Tanaka, T. Nakamura, K. Hayakawa 
1477 
A Simple Deformation Analysis for Incremental Bulging of Sheet Metal Using High Speed Water Jet H. Iseki 
1483 
Improvement of Mechanical Properties of Spring Steel Using Warm Shotpeening Y. Harada, K. Mori, Y. Fukuoka, S. Maki 
1489 
Cylindrical Incremental Drawing of Sheet Metals by CNC Incremental Forming Process K. Kitazawa, A. Nakajima 
1495 
Deformation Analysis for Stretch Forming of Sheet Metal with CNC Machine Tools T. Sawada, S. Matsubara, M. Sakamoto, G. Fukuhara 
1501 
Rolling of Sections I 

A Methodology to Attain Higher Straightening and Lower Residual Stress in Bar Products by a Tworoll Straightening Technique M. Asakawa, Y. Nishikori, T. Yanagihashi, H. Okada 
1507 
Improvement of Seizure Defect on Rolling of Stainless HBeams Y. Kusaba, M. Izawa, T. Hibi, J. Ikeda 
1513 
Application of Three Dimensional Thermalmechanical Coupled FE Analysis to Bar Rolling Process Y. Wang, Y. Kang, D. Yuan, W.Wen, Z. Yu 
1517 
Experimental and FiniteElement Analysis of Axial Feed Bar Rolling (AVQ) M. Houska, M.I. Rotarescu 
1523 
Analysis of Interacting Influencing Parameters on the Tolerances of Wire Rod and Bars in the Rolling Process P.J. Mauk 
1529 
ElongationControl Rolling of Square Wire H. Utsunomiya, Y. Saito, M. Shinkawa, F. Shimaya 
1537 
Rolling of Sections II 

Characterization of Wire Rolling and Wire Roll Drawing Using 2roll, 3roll and 4roll Mills K. Ono, J. Yanagimoto 
1545 
Finite Element Analysis and Experiments on Helical Rolling of Tube H. Takizawa, T. Kimura 
1551 
An Integrated Approach for Robust Roll Pass Design and Evaluation S. Kini, R. Shivpuri 
1557 
Development of Flexiblesize Technology for Sections with a Skewed Roll Mill, a Preforming Rolling Mill K. Hiroguchi, K. Fujita, M. Kodama, N. Onodera 
1563 
New Development on Cross Wedge Rolling Technology in China G.S. Ren, C.G. Xu, J.L. Wang 
1569 
Measurement of Pressure and Frictional Stress on the Roll Surface during Mandrel Mill Rolling T. Yoneyama, M. Yamada, T. Yamada 
1575 